PowerShell reflection

Reflection allows a user or administrator to access and interact with .NET assemblies. From the Microsoft docs, “Assemblies form the fundamental units of deployment, version control, reuse, activation scoping, and security permissions for .NET-based applications.”

.NET assemblies may seem foreign; however, we can make them more familiar by knowing they take shape in familiar formats such as exe and dll.

PowerShell reflection can be abused to modify and identify information from valuable DLLs. Matt Graeber published a one-liner to use Reflection to modify and bypass the AMSI utility:


Broken down, all the reflection function and specify it wants to use an assembly from [Ref.Assembly] it will then obtain the type of the AMSI utility using GetType.


The information collected from the previous section will be forwarded to the next function to obtain a specified field within the assembly using GetField.


The assembly and field information will then be forwarded to the next parameter to set the value from $false to $true using SetValue.


Once the amsiInitFailed field is set to $true, AMSI will respond with the response code: AMSI_RESULT_NOT_DETECTED = 1